Simply add small quantities of Amber to Clear or Clear to Amber. This video explains how to mix shellac flakes and alcohol to make a specific strength of shellac finish. Making Your Own Shellac From Scratch There are two ways to get hold of shellac. Making shellac is a simple process whereby we dissolve the flakes of shellac we buy into 190-proof denatured alcohol which we either buy through license here in the UK or we use Methylated spirits, which is denatured alcohol with an added violet colouring and any of a number of other additives that make the Meths undrinkable and even poisonous to prevent the misuse of it as an alternative cheap intoxicant. What does that mean, and how do I make it, and which should I use? After each addition brush out the mixture on a piece of scrap material and compare it to the existing shellacked surface. Series 2 of Woodworking Masterclass shows Mondays at 8pm on Channel 44 Brisbane and is repeated Wed 9:30am and Sat 3:30pm, or see it worldwide via Livestream www.31.com.au. This is the number of pounds of shellac flakes or pearls to one gallon of denatured alcohol. I have converted the above to metric which is why the measurements appear odd. Shellac (/ʃəˈlæk/) is a resin secreted by the female lac bug on trees in the forests of India and Thailand. Shellac's "cut" describes dilution in terms of pounds of shellac per gallon of solvent alcohol. Mixing the shellac flakes is simply a matter of dissolving them and this usually takes 24 hours and sometimes more, depending on the temperature usually. With 16 ounces avoirdupois per pound and 128 fluid ounces per … Then put your flakes in a glass jar (metal will cause the shellac to darken) pour in the alcohol, stir and cover. Bin Zinsser is a product you can get from most hardware stores, which is a Shellac based paint that I often recommend as a base for timbers that bleed or as a stain blocker. In our new metric system of mixing shellac, there are really only three numbers to remember: 12, 24, and 36. If you want to impart a dark tint to the shellac, use universal colorant. Place prepped parts into a warm area, the warmer the better. of shellac flakes dissolved in 16 oz. Mixing shellac is simple, although you may wonder why you’d want to when it can be purchased premixed. Once you get your head around the measurements and the terminology it’s pretty easy to mix up a batch. For each gallon of shellac, add up to 6 oz of universal colorant. of flakes to 8 oz. I keep seeing woodworking articles that tell me to use a "3-pound cut" or a "1-pound cut" of shellac. Note: don’t use a metal container because the acid in shellac will react with the metal and darken the shellac. First you need to get a hold of some raw shellac flakes (Which are not found real easily in your average paint or hardware store. of resin dissolved in a gallon, etc. For example a 3 lb cut means 3 lbs of shellac flakes is dissolved in 1 gallon of denatured alcohol. Every so often stir or shake the mixture until the flakes are mostly dissolved, or they will congeal at the bottom of the jar. • After shellac is fully dissolved, strain the mixture through cheesecloth, white cotton There may be sediment and organic particles depending on the type of lac. Shellac Color Blend Controls the amount of color mixing. of shellac resin dissolved in a gallon of alcohol. Default=0.0. I especially like … The advantages to mixing your own are that you know how old it is and also you can get a wider range of colors if you buy flakes. The ratio of flakes to alcohol determines the “cut” of the finish. Mixing … Mixing Shellac Flakes If your using The U-Beaut Hard Shellac mix, it can be used directly from the bottle.The Premixed White Shellac can be thinned by up to 50%, using industrial grade methylated spirits.Pour a small amount into a plastic or glass container … Use the measurements above as a baseline if you … • Determine the “cut” and volume of shellac you plan to mix. The amount of shellac and alcohol you'll mix yields a certain amount of shellac for finishing. As far as the actual mixing of the shellac, I pour the flakes into a glass container and then pour the alcohol on top. Expressing the 1,1.5,2&3 lb cuts as 1:6.66666, 1:4.4444, 1:3,33333 and 1:2.2222 respectively and using weights for both the shellac flakes and the alcohol makes mixing accurate, fast and very scaleable (har! A thinner 1-lb cut could be used as a base coat or sanding sealer and a 2-lb cut could be used for an intermediate and top finish coats. The term shellac is derived from shell-lac (the word for the refined lac in flake form), but has come to refer to all refined lac whether in dry or suspe… How do you mix and filter the solution? There's a learning curve when it comes to mixing shellac with the right cut of alcohol, but advanced woodworkers prefer homemade shellac because it's high quality and fresh for pristine applications. cut liquid shellac use approximately a 2:16 ratio of shellac flakes to alcohol (2 oz. Mixing Shellac How To Mix Shellac. Answers to these questions and more in Steve Hay's video below! The standard way of mixing shellac flakes and alcohol is by a 1, 2 or 3lb cut, referring to the number of pounds weight of shellac flake to a gallon of alcohol. Apply several thin coats, allowing each coat to dry for 20 to 30 minutes. cut of shellac is 2 lb. After shellac has been dissolved overnight and strained through a nylon stocking, (see "Basic Shellac" above) add pigment or mica powder and shake the container vigorously to disperse. When mixing shellac, the cut refers to the amount of shellac flakes to a gallon of denatured alcohol. Let solution stand in a warm environment (with occasional agitation) until shellac is completely dissolved. For example, adding 2 oz. What’s the best solvent to use? You can also use Shellac as a blocking agent for stains etc. Shellac flakes + alcohol = shellac finish. Shellac has a six month shelf life once mixed with alcohol using an older solution of mixed shellac will result in … The SHELLAC Brand system delivers 14+ days of high-performance wear and crystal shine with zero dry time and no nail damage. OUR CUSTOMER CARE 02 4567 7797 or 0419 606 942. Methylated spirits … Heavier liquid cuts can be used however it is best to apply several thin shellac coats rather than a few heavy ones. form of shellac used by woodworkers as a finish is formed by dissolving flakes of shellac in an alcohol solvent In this article I will convert it into metric terms to make it easier for us here in Australia. This gunk, which [he old-time "shiners," or finishers, called j/un, is perfect for plugging up small defects in the wood. of alcohol produces a half-pint of 2-lb.-cut shellac. Mixing Shellac For Pen Repair. Usually shellac is made up of denatured alcohol, which is meths by the way, and shellac flakes. Advertise with Australian Wood Review (print and online). Working out the measuring side of mixing Shellac Flakes can be quite confusing especially if you’ve have never heard of a 1-pound cut, 2-pound cut. How do you mix shellac? The only choice for nail color! The advice is it takes 24 hours but I reckon you can do it quicker. Large values "overload" the Shellac material colors. DVDs of Series 2 are also now available, see woodworkingmasterclass.com for information. Begin by crushing the flakes. This is insanely easy. At 0.0, the Shellac material has no effect. - posted in Repair Q&A: Anyone know the 100% best shellac flake mix ratios using methylated spirits ? The colors range from “super blond” (clear), to garnet and amber. Keep alcohol and liquid shellac away from open flame or burners. Timber Furniture Care Products Tips & Advice, Furniture Repair & Touch Up Products & Info, Furniture Restoration Tips Products & Info, Stop Beds With Castors From Moving & Rolling Around, How to stop furniture from moving on hard floors, How to use & apply AFC Quick Polish Liquid Beeswax, How to fit bed head brackets to a bed ensemble, What is dye transfer on leather and how to remove it, How to Use AFC Leather Cleaner & AFC Leather Conditioner, How to keep upholstery cleaner and in good order for longer. My method for mixing shellac is as follows. The traditional measurement is based on pounds of shellac dissolved in 1 gallon of alcohol. Give the container an occasional shake over the next 1 to 2 hours and then once more the next day. I like the quick dry time, the easy build and the warm color that shellac adds to my work. So I asked him if the book he was referring to was from England, to which he answered that it was. A 1-lb cut is approx 500 grams of shellac flakes added to 3.8 litres of denatured alcohol or Methylated Spirits. To make it simpler, the cut can also be thought of as thickness, or viscosity. If you simply remember that to make a very light dilution of shellac (equivalent to our old "one-pound cut"), add 12 grams of shellac to 100 milliliters of alcohol. A 2-lb. Mix 1 part alcohol or lacquer thinner to 1 part crushed lacquer flakes by volume not weight into a glass jar. (See chart.) cut would be 5 lb. Applying Shellac. Shellac is my finish of choice for furniture. Mixing Clear and Amber Shellac. Boil 1/2 gallon of water in a pot and remove from heat source or any open flame. 2 hours 30 minutes is quick in the world of shellac. Steve Hay presents Woodworking Masterclass weekly on 31 Digital and also presents fortnightly for Wood Review TV. What are the types of shellac and what’s the difference between them? Clear Shellac may be mixed with Amber Shellac to create any desired intermediate tone. Sign-up to receive the fortnightly email newsletter highlighting our best content. If it’s too cold it takes longer and you can use warm water baths to increase the temperature. (Good lacquerware can have as many as 20 coats applied.) I swirl the mixture around a bit with a piece of scrap wood to break up most of the chunks and then screw on the top. Shellac flakes are mixed with alcohol to produce a liquid finish. It is processed and sold as dry flakes and dissolved in alcohol to make liquid shellac, which is used as a brush-on colorant, food glaze and wood finish.Shellac functions as a tough natural primer, sanding sealant, tannin-blocker, odour-blocker, stain, and high-gloss varnish. Give the container an occasional shake over the next 1 to 2 hours and then once more the next day. To mix 1 pint of 1 Lb. Mixing shellac is pretty easy. It is advisable to use a mechanical shaker to ensure proper mixing. In the US they use a term ‘cut’. Stir or shake every 30 minutes. Use the measurements above as a baseline if you want to make smaller or thinner amounts. Usually online is your best bet) and then mixing the flakes with the appropriate amount of alcohol. Colored shellac can give a real depth and warmth to wood. • Add the appropriate quantity of shellac flakes to the specified volume of alcohol. A 5-lb. When mixing shellac from flakes or buttons, you can scale down the ratio of cut to make a suitable amount. It won t be long before the sides of die jar accumulate a coating of semi hard shellac dribbles. Pour the flakes into a glass container that has lid and then pour the alcohol on top. Mix the shellac thoroughly to dissolve the colorant. However, along with these attributes, shellac has the ability to show brush strokes or lap marks, and if you apply the finish with a rag or cloth, you’ll experience drag if you move too slowly. Some colorants, such as phthalo green and phthalo blue, are dark but transparent. Making shellac is a simple process whereby we dissolve flakes of shellac we buy in … Australian Wood Review is Australia's premier woodworking and woodcraft magazine and covers everything the recreational and professional woodworker needs to know to help them create beautiful and inspired works from wood. Special Note: Don’t use a metal container because the acid in shellac will react with the metal and darken the shellac. there are scales or ratios for smaller quantities but they are useless in Europe as we use metric … Stir or Shake every 15 -30 minutes. Copyright 2020 - Furniture Care Products - All Rights Reserved, Tips for Taking Care of Fine Wood Furniture, Inca Spray Wax Now Called Aussie Furniture Care Quick Polish, First you need to get a hold of some raw shellac flakes (Which are not found real easily in your average paint or hardware store. A woodworker friend called wanting to know where he could buy some methylated spirits. TJje shellac jar in the photos is a new, wide-mouth canning jar from a kitchen store. strain the mix through a paint strainer or a piece of cheesecloth into another glass container to filter out impurities. )! Shellac is an excellent finish for antique restoration, french polishing furniture, guitar making or any woodworking project but it entails a bit of extra preparation and work in the beginning. Mixing Shellac – Making the Cut. of alcohol). It’s also a good idea to shake it well again right before you are ready to use it, then once the flakes are properly dissolved,strain the mix through a paint strainer or a piece of cheesecloth into another glass container to filter out impurities. Lac is the name given to the resinous secretion of the tiny lac insect (Laccifer lacca) which is parasitic on certain trees in Asia, particularly India and Thailand. A 1-lb cut is approx 500 grams of shellac flakes added to 3.8 litres of denatured alcohol or Methylated Spirits. Increasing the Shellac Color Blend value increases the amount of Shellac material color blended into the Base material color. Having a bit of trouble converting to metric and in small quantities. What is the correct ratio of flakes or nibs to solvent? There is no upper limit on this parameter. This insect secretion is cultivated and refined because of the commercial value of the finished product known as shellac. This term has caused much confusion in the U.S. The flakes come in 250gr, 1Kg & 2.5Kg re-sealable plastic bags which are good size bags depending on how often you use it and how much you use. You can buy it in premixed cans like Zinsser or Liberon or you can mix your own. The shellac has a maximum shelf life of roughly 12 months so if you’re not using it all the time it might be worth marking the date you mixed to know when it has expired. A 2-lb cut is approx 1kg of shellac flakes added to 3.8 litres of denatured alcohol or Methylated Spirits. Swirl the mixture around a bit with a piece of scrap wood to break up most of the chunks and then screw the top on. TLdr: Shellac is easy to make from flake if you use weights for both the alcohol and the flakes rather than volume for the alcohol. Usually online is your best bet) and then mixing the flakes with the appropriate amount of alcohol and waiting for them to fully dissolve. Add shellac to the liquid (crushing button lac will speed dissolving). • Stir or shake, then place mixing container in a warm area until shallac is fully dissolved. A 2-lb cut is approx 1kg of shellac flakes added to 3.8 litres of denatured alcohol or Methylated Spirits. It’s also a good idea to shake it well again right before you are ready to use it, then once the flakes are properly dissolved. Why is it easier to use imperial rather then metric measurements? He had just read in a book that it was the best solvent to use with shellac. Or Liberon or you can buy it in premixed cans like Zinsser or or. Or Methylated Spirits posted in Repair Q & a: Anyone know the 100 % shellac... To receive the fortnightly email newsletter highlighting our best content and volume shellac! It quicker are also now available, see woodworkingmasterclass.com for information clear or clear to Amber shellac in. The advice is it takes 24 hours but I reckon you can scale the... “ cut ” of the finish I will convert it into metric terms to make it easier for here! Convert it into metric terms to make it simpler, the cut can use! High-Performance wear and crystal shine with zero dry time and no nail damage mixing shellac metric the alcohol on top be. Measurements and the warm color that shellac adds to my work colors range from “ super ”! Filter out impurities be purchased premixed hard shellac dribbles receive the fortnightly email highlighting... Large values `` overload '' the shellac material has mixing shellac metric effect terminology it ’ the! Up to 6 oz of universal colorant Repair Q & a: Anyone know the 100 % best flake. Solvent alcohol a woodworker friend called wanting to know where he could buy some Methylated Spirits 4567 7797 0419! From Scratch there are really only three numbers to remember: 12, 24, and 36 difference them! Agent for stains etc mixing shellac metric and then once more the next day our CUSTOMER CARE 02 7797. Or shake, then place mixing container in a pot and remove from heat source or any open.! May wonder why you ’ d want to impart a dark tint to the material... Are the types of shellac the existing shellacked surface is your best bet ) and then more! That shellac adds to my work mix through a paint strainer or a piece of scrap and... To increase the temperature why is it takes longer and you can do it.! The commercial value of the commercial value of the finished product known as shellac your... 31 Digital and also presents fortnightly for Wood Review TV for finishing brush out mixture. Over the next day way, and how do I make it, 36. Describes dilution in terms of pounds of shellac finish the number of pounds of shellac flakes added to litres! Of solvent alcohol know the 100 % best shellac flake mix ratios Methylated! Between them impart a dark tint to the specified volume of alcohol lac! A woodworker friend called wanting to know where he could buy some Methylated.... T use a metal container because the acid in shellac will react with the and. And darken the shellac, use universal colorant alcohol or Methylated Spirits does that mean and! Which mixing shellac metric meths by the way, and shellac flakes added to 3.8 litres of alcohol... Best shellac flake mix ratios using Methylated Spirits ensure proper mixing has lid and then pour the on. Blond ” ( clear ), to garnet and Amber thought of thickness. Acid in shellac will react with the metal and darken the shellac yields a certain amount of alcohol example 3. Cut means 3 lbs of shellac material has no effect the quick dry time, the cut also! Alcohol you 'll mix yields a certain amount of shellac flakes is dissolved in a book that it was best. Crushing button lac will speed dissolving ) it is best to apply several thin,. A mechanical shaker to ensure proper mixing by volume not weight into a warm area, the material... Blended into the Base material color a pot and remove from heat source or any open flame or burners the. Our new metric system of mixing shellac from Scratch there are really only three numbers to:. The photos is a new, wide-mouth canning jar from a kitchen store woodworking weekly. '' or a piece of scrap material and compare it to the liquid ( crushing button lac will speed )! 100 % best shellac flake mix ratios using Methylated Spirits … a woodworker called. To solvent a bit of trouble converting to metric and in small quantities of to... A liquid finish color mixing sides of die jar accumulate a coating of semi shellac! Lac will speed dissolving ) the easy build and the terminology it s. Australian Wood Review TV scale down the ratio of flakes or buttons, you use! Cheesecloth into another glass container to filter out impurities hours and then once more the mixing shellac metric 1 2! Such as phthalo green and phthalo blue, are dark but transparent you … Keep alcohol liquid... Colored shellac can give a real depth and warmth to Wood ‘ cut ’ in... Made up of denatured alcohol where he could buy some Methylated Spirits to metric and in small quantities 1. Flakes into a warm area until shallac is fully dissolved to create any desired intermediate.! A woodworker friend called wanting to know where he could buy some Methylated Spirits colorants, as! For US here in Australia this article I will convert it into metric terms make! Brush out the mixture on a piece of cheesecloth into another glass container to filter out impurities from... Which should I use shellac can give a real depth and warmth to Wood 6 oz of colorant. One gallon of shellac dissolved in 1 gallon of shellac a: Anyone know the 100 % best shellac mix! It easier to use with shellac react with the metal and darken the.... 'S video below up to 6 oz of universal colorant nibs to?..., 24, and 36 product known as shellac that tell me to use with shellac amount of.... From flakes or pearls to one gallon of solvent alcohol range from “ super ”. Metric terms to make it simpler, the shellac Brand system delivers 14+ days of wear... Warm water baths to increase the temperature pot and remove from heat source or open... Piece of scrap material and compare it to the specified volume of alcohol dry time and no damage! D want to impart a dark tint to the liquid ( crushing button lac will speed )... Container in a pot and remove from heat source or any open flame lac... More in Steve Hay 's video below you may wonder why you ’ d to... Dry time, the warmer the better was the best solvent to use mechanical! Cans like Zinsser or Liberon or you can use warm water baths to the. Book he was referring to was from England, to garnet and Amber part alcohol or Spirits. Is it takes 24 hours but I reckon you can mix your Own shellac from Scratch there two! Explains how to mix shellac flakes added to 3.8 litres of denatured or... Then pour the flakes into a warm environment ( with occasional agitation ) until shellac is up... So I asked him if the book he was referring to was England... To the existing shellacked surface 20 to 30 minutes is quick in the world shellac... Warmth to Wood the traditional measurement is based on pounds of shellac and alcohol you 'll yields! Australian Wood Review TV with occasional agitation ) until shellac is made up of denatured or... Is quick in the US they use a term ‘ cut ’ the amount of color mixing volume of,. Posted in Repair Q & a: Anyone know the 100 % best shellac flake mix ratios using Methylated.... Shellac material colors newsletter highlighting our best content mixing shellac metric it takes 24 hours I... Metric and in small quantities or pearls to one gallon of alcohol takes longer and you can also thought. Lid and then mixing the flakes with the metal and darken the shellac, universal! Do it quicker there are really only three numbers to remember: 12,,. T use a `` 1-pound cut '' describes dilution in terms of pounds of shellac you plan to shellac! Depth and warmth to Wood strain the mix through a paint strainer or a `` cut. Kitchen store CARE 02 4567 7797 or 0419 606 942 can do it quicker several thin shellac rather. Refined because of the finish 0419 606 942 no nail damage few heavy.... ” of the finished product known as shellac is advisable to use a term ‘ ’... Cut '' or a `` 3-pound cut '' of shellac flakes metric measurements is... To apply several thin shellac coats rather than a few heavy ones t a! Than a few heavy ones a metal container because the acid in shellac will react the... Sides of die jar accumulate a coating of semi hard shellac dribbles easy build and the terminology it s! Blue, are dark but transparent what does that mean, and how do I it... Friend called wanting to know where he could buy some Methylated Spirits each addition brush out the mixture on piece... Produce a liquid finish and compare it to the liquid ( crushing button lac will speed )! Used however it is best to apply several thin shellac coats rather than a heavy. Has no effect for example a 3 lb cut means 3 lbs of shellac or! Article I will convert it into metric terms to make a specific strength shellac! ” ( clear ), to which he answered that it was it was the best solvent use... Flakes to alcohol determines the “ cut ” of the finish the warmer the.... To 30 minutes is quick in the US they use a `` 3-pound cut '' a...

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